The law ensures peace and guarantees freedom. It prohibits retaliation and the law of the thumb and thus serves to prevent conflict. The legal system ensures that disputes are settled peacefully in a regulated process.
Law and order must prevail in society, even if there is no perfect security from crime.
That is by no means a given. In many countries in the world, there is no rule of law. In some states, the legal system has formally dissolved. In senseless wars, no consideration is given to the defenseless civilian population.
It was no different in earlier centuries in Europe. The entire Middle Ages were characterized by a lack of peace, which the peace movements of that time, the Peace of God and the Peace Movement, were only able to counteract with little success. The experiences of the murderous religious wars of the 16th and 17th centuries finally led to the insight that the maintenance of peace was the most important task of the community and that only the state should have the authority to exercise violence. The state monopoly on the use of force is a characteristic of the modern state. Later the state was bound by the law. Both together establish the rule of law.
The law ensures peace
The most important function of law is obviously to ensure internal peace. In a society, there are different interests that inevitably lead to conflict. The law ensures that they are carried out in a peaceful manner through a regulated process.
The legal system prohibits retaliation in private or enforcing the law on your own. Citizens must turn to the courts and enforce their rights with the help of the state.
In the case of criminal offenses, the state alone has the power to prosecute; the prosecutor will bring charges. Even in a civil dispute, the law replaces the violent, unregulated conflict with the regulated procedure.
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If there is still a dispute, legal proceedings must bring about a solution to the conflict. If possible, it should be perceived as fair by all those involved. In any case, it puts an end to the conflict and restores legal peace.
The law guarantees freedom
The law not only ensures inner peace but also guarantees the freedom of the individual. At first glance, this seems paradoxical, because the law restricts freedom in many ways. In a society in which many people live together in a small space, however, there can be no unrestricted freedom. So to say, where the right of others begin freedom ends.